Hemorrhoids can be quite painful and are experienced by everyone around the world. It does not matter what age, race, or sex you are. Hemorrhoids develop when the veins in the anal canal get congested. There are different classifications of hemorrhoids first degree, second degree, third degree and fourth degree hemorrhoids.
- First degree hemorrhoids bleed but they do not show up externally.
- Second degree hemorrhoids show up around the anal area when an individual is having a bowel movement. They then return back to the inside of the anal canal when the person is finished.
- Third degree hemorrhoids need to be pushed back into the anal canal manually.
- Fourth degree hemorrhoids show up externally and usually become thrombosed. These types of hemorrhoids cannot be pushed back in manually.
There are a variety of causes for hemorrhoids. Many people experience this condition because they are pregnant, obese, have liver disease, or they lack nutrition. The number one cause for hemorrhoids is strain. For example, if a person suffers from constipation they put a lot of strain on the anal canal when trying to pass stool and this can cause hemorrhoids to develop. Heavy lifting and stress can also cause them to develop.
The symptoms of hemorrhoids include bleeding, itchiness around the anus, general discomfort, and in some cases mucus discharge. Bleeding hemroids can be recognized if there is blood in the stool, or blood shows up on tissue paper after a bowel movement. Bleeding hemorroids can be even more painful than the regular ones because they are an open wound, and walking or sitting for long periods of time can be difficult for many people.
A large portion of people that suffer with painful hemorrhoids choose to have hemorrhoid surgery. Traditional surgeries include the Ferguson Technique and the Milligan-Morgan Technique. The Ferguson Technique was developed by Doctor Ferguson in the year of 1952. It is the process of removing the hemorrhoid vessels and then closing the incisions with disappearing sutures. The Milligan-Morgan technique was created by Doctors Morgan and Milligan in the United Kingdom. This is like the Ferguson technique but instead of closing the incisions with sutures, the wounds are left open to prevent stenosis. There can be bleeding after hemorrhoid surgery, but this can be treated with ointments, Witch Hazel and other over the counter medications and home remedies for hemorrhoids.
Most of the time people do not need to have hemorrhoid surgery because the hemorrhoids can be taken care of at home. The best way to prevent having this condition is to eat a lot of green leafy vegetables, fresh fruit, fiber, and drink a lot of water. By drinking water the stools will be much softer to pass and can lead to less pain when having a bowel movement. People who eat a lot of dairy and bulky carbohydrates can cause constipation to occur. If constipation occurs there is a chance hemorrhoids will develop, so it is better to avoid it all together.